Synthesis of Phosphorus Tribromide

To a reflux apparatus add 40 mL of bromine, with stirring start adding 20 g of red phosphorus in small portions, the reaction is very violent. After addition, start a reflux, add some more red phosphorus if the red to brownish color doesn’t disappear, reflux until the reflux condenser is clear. Then distill, the residual red phosphorus in the RBF can be reused to make phosphorus tribromide. Store in glass ampoules.

P4 + 6 Br2 = 4 PBr3

PBr3 + Br2 = PBr

Source

fe

Phosphorus reacts violently with the bromine

hth

The mixture after completion

gfd

Heat to reflux, refluxing cleans the glassware and it indicates that the reaction is complete

fesd

The refluxing is complete

ff

The mixture

fs

Distillation

gtr

Pure phosphorus tribromide

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